Bad Eating Habits Linked To Anemia Risk In Older Women

Written by Christian Nordqvist

A noticeable proportion of postmenopausal women with anemia are not eating properly, researchers from Tucson, Arizona, reveal in a study published in the Journal of the American Dietetic Association. When the total number of red blood cells or hemoglobin concentrations are too low, a person has anemia. Hemoglobin, a protein, exists in red blood cells, it contains iron and transports vital oxygen.

Study
leader, Cynthia A. Thomson, PhD, RD, said:

“This study suggests that inadequate nutrient intakes are a
significant risk factor for anemia in this population of older women and use of
multivitamin/mineral supplements is not associated with lower rates of anemia.
Overall mortality is increased in relation to a diagnosis of anemia, and anemia,
particularly iron deficiency, has been associated with reduced capacity for
physical work and physical inactivity, injury related to falls and
hospitalizations, making this an important health care concern in the
aging.”

The authors explained that there have not been many studies focusing on the relationship between diet and anemia in independently living women over the last two decades.

The researchers gathered data from WHI-OS (Observational Cohort of the Women’s Health Initiative), consisting of 72,833 adult females. They discovered that if women were not consuming enough of one single nutrient, they ran a 21% higher risk of
persistent anemia; deficiencies in three nutrients raised their risk by 44%.

The following ethnic female groups had deficiencies of three anemia-associated nutrients:

  • Non-Hispanic whites – 7.4%
  • Native Americans and Alaskans – 15.2%
  • Asian/Pacific Islander – 14.6%
  • African-Americans – 15.3%
  • Hispanic/Latinos – 16.3%

Anemia in females was linked to inadequate consumption of vitamin B12, vitamin C, red meat, folate, protein and
energy. The researchers also found that deficiencies in iron, folate and vitamin B12 were individually associated with a 10% to 20% higher risk of developing anemia – with a 21% risk of persistent anemia. There was also a link between anemia and smoking, BMI (body mass index) and age.

The authors added that the Women’s Health Initiative is one of the most wide-ranging sources of health, diet and general data ever gathered in the USA, including information over a 9-year period.A noticeable proportion of postmenopausal women with anemia are not eating properly, researchers from Tucson, Arizona, reveal in a study published in the Journal of the American Dietetic Association. When the total number of red blood cells or hemoglobin concentrations are too low, a person has anemia. Hemoglobin, a protein, exists in red blood cells, it contains iron and transports vital oxygen.

Study leader, Cynthia A. Thomson, PhD, RD, said:

“This study suggests that inadequate nutrient intakes are a significant risk factor for anemia in this population of older women and use of multivitamin/mineral supplements is not associated with lower rates of anemia. Overall mortality is increased in relation to a diagnosis of anemia, and anemia, particularly iron deficiency, has been associated with reduced capacity for physical work and physical inactivity, injury related to falls and hospitalizations, making this an important health care concern in the aging.”

The authors explained that there have not been many studies focusing on the relationship between diet and anemia in independently living women over the last two decades.

The researchers gathered data from WHI-OS (Observational Cohort of the Women’s Health Initiative), consisting of 72,833 adult females. They discovered that if women were not consuming enough of one single nutrient, they ran a 21% higher risk of persistent anemia; deficiencies in three nutrients raised their risk by 44%.

The following ethnic female groups had deficiencies of three anemia-associated nutrients:

  • Non-Hispanic whites – 7.4%
  • Native Americans and Alaskans – 15.2%
  • Asian/Pacific Islander – 14.6%
  • African-Americans – 15.3%
  • Hispanic/Latinos – 16.3%

Anemia in females was linked to inadequate consumption of vitamin B12, vitamin C, red meat, folate, protein and energy. The researchers also found that deficiencies in iron, folate and vitamin B12 were individually associated with a 10% to 20% higher risk of developing anemia – with a 21% risk of persistent anemia. There was also a link between anemia and smoking, BMI (body mass index) and age.

The authors added that the Women’s Health Initiative is one of the most wide-ranging sources of health, diet and general data ever gathered in the USA, including information over a 9-year period.

via Medical News Today

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About Ahmad Ladhani

Live in Karachi, Pakistan
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